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Why Is It Mandatory To Conduct EIA
Why Is It Mandatory

Why Is It Mandatory To Conduct EIA

The importance of EIA cannot be overemphasizing as it ensures that projects are implemented with maximum consideration for the environment.

EIA is made mandatory under Environmental (protection) Act, 1986 for all categories of major developmental activities involving investment beyond certain thresholds.

The goal of mandating EIA is to protect the environment so that everyone can enjoy it and to consider the lives of organisms which rely on the natural environment for survival.

Following the promulgation of EIA Decree No.86 of 1992, Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) which is an apex organization for the protection for the protection of the environment and conservation of natural resources as contained in decree 58 of 1988 and 59 of 1992, makes EIA mandatory for all new major projects.

In furtherance of its mandate, FEPA has developed set of guidelines on various sectors of national economy. This is to ensure environmental sustainability of these sectors through compliance with Decree 86 of 1992.

These guidelines have been developed to assist project proponents in conducting detailed environmental assessment of project with emphasis on significance associated with and potential impacts of such project, Procedure of minimizing, eliminating or alleviating any adverse impacts as well as plans future monitoring programmes.

The guidelines will also assist the project proponents in conforming with the requirements of decree No. 86 of 1992, and to obtained certification from the Federal Government of Nigeria through the FEPA.

To aid the EIA preparer, sectorial guidelines are being prepared for the following sectors and sub sectors:

1. PETROLEUM AND PETRO-CHEMICALS e.g. Oil and gas Exploration and Production (onshore and offshore).Refineries Construction, Pipeline Construction (onshore and offshore),Petrol filling stations etc.

2. MANUFACTURING e.g. chemicals and Allied Industries, Iron and Steel manufacturing, Fertilizer and others.

3. AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT e.g. large scale farming, plantation development, rural roads and Navigational canals, Dams and reservoirs, Drainage and Irrigation etc.

4. INFRASTRUCTURAL PROJECTS e.g. Road and highways, Electrification, Urban development, Housing, Airport, Resort and recreational development.

5. MINING OF SOLID MINERALS, BENEFICIATION AND METALLURGICAL PROCESSES e.g. Extraction of ores and Quarrying, Metallurgical processes, Sand Dredging etc.


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