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WEBIntroduction

The Ikot Ada Udo oil spill incident which occurred in the year 2007 after a facility failure or perceived sabotage of the Ibibio 1 Oil Well head located in Ikot Ada Udo Village of Ikot Abasi LGA, Akwa Ibom Sate - Nigeria. The spill resulted in the discharge of remarkable quantity of crude oil into a majorly rural farmland of the village communities. This drastically affected the ecosystem and well being of the inhabitants. Read more...

GLUBES1Background
Sand mining is an economic activity that if sustainably harness can improve the well being of the people. Sand has numerous uses ranging from house building to road construction. Therefore, the demand for sand is on the increase in Akwa Ibom State.  To meet this demand, many people resort to sand mining without paying attention to the environment. The consequence of this negligence is environmental degradation which ranges from flanking of riverbanks, bio-diversity dwindling, channels destabilization, distorted topography, deforestation, erosion, loss of wetland, general degrading of the ecosystem with air, water and land pollution (Adekoya, 1995; Aigbedon, 2005; Kondolf, et al, 2001).
Considering the importance of the environment in sustainable economic activities, it becomes expedient that proper environmental management should be given high priority before the implementation of sand mining activity.  Read more...

 

CHRISTWILLSON AND PARTNERSeBACKGROUND
Many streams, rivers and floodplains in Akwa Ibom State have abundant quantities of sand and gravel that are mined conveniently and economically for a variety of uses such as road construction, building of houses, land reclamations, construction of artificial islands and coastline stabilization. Therefore, the demand for sand is on the increase in Akwa Ibom State. The activities of sand mining, if not sustainably manage have great potential for disrupting the natural environment. Environmental problems occur when the rate of extraction of sand, gravel and other materials exceeds the rate at which natural processes generate these materials. (Pielou, 1966).
 
The Physical impacts of sand mining include reduction of water quality and destabilization of the stream bed and banks. Mining can also disrupts sediment supply and channel form, which can result in a deepening of the channel (incision) as well as sedimentation of habitats downstream. Channel instability and sedimentation from in stream mining can also damage public infrastructure (bridges, pipelines, and utility lines). Impacts to the biological resources include removal of infauna, epifauna, and some benthic fishes and alteration of the available substrate. This process can also destroy riverine vegetation, cause erosion, pollute water sources and reduce the diversity of animals supported by these woodlands habitats (Byrnes and Hiland, 1995).
Considering the importance of the environment in sustainable economic activities, it becomes expedient that proper environmental management should be given high priority before the implementation of sand mining activity. Read more...